Cardiac tamponade review article pdf Lushes Bight-Beaumont-Beaumont North

cardiac tamponade review article pdf

CCRN Cardiac Tamponade Review & Online Overview Elite the fluid volume and intrapericardial pressure increase,cardiac tamponade can develop.The most common causes of pericardial effusion include cardiac hemangiosarcoma,idiopathic pericardial effusion,and chemodectoma.Understanding the underlying cause is important in providing treatment recommendations and an accurate prognosis. CE Article #1 An In-Depth Look: CANINE …

Cardiac tamponade. Postgraduate Medical Journal

Cardiac Tamponade an overview ScienceDirect Topics. Cardiac tamponade is a condition characterized by an increased intrapericardial pressure resulting in impaired cardiac filling. An important hemodynamic feature is the equalization of intrapericardial and mean diastolic pressures in cardiac chambers., Acute cardiac tamponade is life threatening and requires prompt pericardial drainage. This review explains the manifestations of tamponade, including a presentation in which the diagnostic finding.

This review focuses on the early clinical examination, which raises the possibility of cardiac tamponade, and then the hemodynamic and echocardiographic diagnostic features, based on an understanding of the underlying pathophysiological characteristics. The list of conditions that may lead to cardiac tamponade is long (Table 1) and is touched on only peripherally. Clinical Findings of Cardiac Pericardial effusion is defined by an increase in the physiological amount of fluid within the pericardial space. It can appear following different medical conditions, mainly related to inflammation and cardiac surgery. Cardiac tamponade is a critical condition that occurs after sudden and/or excessive accumulation of fluid in the pericardial

Prompt recognition of cardiac tamponade is critical since the underlying hemodynamic disorder can lead to death if not resolved by percutaneous or surgical drainage of the pericardium. Nevertheless, the management of cardiac tamponade can be challenging because of the lack of the validated criteria the fluid volume and intrapericardial pressure increase,cardiac tamponade can develop.The most common causes of pericardial effusion include cardiac hemangiosarcoma,idiopathic pericardial effusion,and chemodectoma.Understanding the underlying cause is important in providing treatment recommendations and an accurate prognosis. CE Article #1 An In-Depth Look: CANINE …

In subacute cardiac tamponade, these events occur over days to weeks and is usually associated with neoplastic, uremic or idiopathic pericarditis; it may be asymptomatic early in the course, but once intracardiac pressures reach a critical value, the patients develop symptoms of increased filling pressures and limited cardiac output and syncopal events. A case of acute cardiac tamponade caused by an internal jugular central venous catheter which was successfully treated is reported. The English litera ture is reviewed and shows that tamponade can occur up to 37 days after inser tion and has a 65% mortality. The tamponade is usually caused by the actual infusate and not by blood.

for review by a cardiologist. Complications Complications of acute pericarditis include pericardial effusion (present in 60% of cases2), tamponade (5% of cases2), myopericarditis and recurrent pericarditis. Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. Cardiac tamponade occurs when this fluid accumulates under pressure and obstructs diastolic filling of of acute pericarditis is pericardial effusion, triggering a cardiac tamponade. The The first line of treatment is the use of anti-inflammatory and or acetylsalicylic acid.

Cardiac tamponade, early or late after cardiac surgery, is an uncommon while a potentially lethal condition in which the classic signs of tamponade may be absent. High index of suspicion and rapid diagnosis are mandatory for life-saving decompressive therapy. We herein reported a case of delayed localized right atrial tamponade caused by loculated intrapericardial hematoma 26 days after aortic Cardiac tamponade, early or late after cardiac surgery, is an uncommon while a potentially lethal condition in which the classic signs of tamponade may be absent. High index of suspicion and rapid diagnosis are mandatory for life-saving decompressive therapy. We herein reported a case of delayed localized right atrial tamponade caused by loculated intrapericardial hematoma 26 days after aortic

Case Report Case report and literature review: cardiac tamponade as a complication of pericardial extramedullary hematopoiesis☆,☆☆ Navin R. Mahadevan, Elizabeth A. Morgan, Richard N. Mitchell⁎ Pericardial effusion, a common cardiac manifestation of myxedema, 1,2 is rarely associated with cardiac tamponade; to our knowledge, only 19 reports of this phenomenon appear in the English literature. 3-7 In all reported cases, identification of tamponade was largely derived from clinical and echocardiographic examination, and available hemodynamic data were described in only one report.

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis Churg−Strauss syndrome Cardiac tamponade Pericarditis Case report A 75-year-old woman with general fatigue, dyspnea on exertion and low-grade fever was admitted to a hospital. fact, the hallmark of cardiac tamponade, hemodynamic instability, is a late finding. Using a systematic literature review, this article attempts to provide the best evidence for making the bedside diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. However, this systematic review is limited by low-quality evidence, including case series and small- to medium-sized chart reviews. In addition, patients in this

effusion and cardiac tamponade has not been systematically examined. Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, and cardiac Pericarditis, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade are associated with various electrocardiographic signs. review article The new england journal of medicine n engl j med 349;7 www.nejm.org august 14, 2003 684 current concepts Acute Cardiac Tamponade David H. Spodick, M.D., D.Sc.

CCRN Cardiac Tamponade Review & Online Overview Elite

cardiac tamponade review article pdf

Cardiac tamponade Case history BMJ Best Practice. In subacute cardiac tamponade, these events occur over days to weeks and is usually associated with neoplastic, uremic or idiopathic pericarditis; it may be asymptomatic early in the course, but once intracardiac pressures reach a critical value, the patients develop symptoms of increased filling pressures and limited cardiac output and syncopal events., Cardiac tamponade also occurred in a patient with lung cancer in whom tuberculous pericarditis had developed due to a hypersensitivity-related response 3 months after ….

030814 Acute Cardiac Tamponade Stanford University

cardiac tamponade review article pdf

TalkCardiac tamponade Wikipedia. A case of acute cardiac tamponade caused by an internal jugular central venous catheter which was successfully treated is reported. The English litera ture is reviewed and shows that tamponade can occur up to 37 days after inser tion and has a 65% mortality. The tamponade is usually caused by the actual infusate and not by blood. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamponade Aetiology and Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade D. COLLINS Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, IREIAND Objective: To review current concepts in the aetiology and management of patients with cardiac tamponade. Data sources: A review of articles reported on acute cardiac tamponade. Summary of review: Cardiac tamponade is defined as a.

cardiac tamponade review article pdf

  • Cardiac tamponade Meltser - 2005 - Catheterization and
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  • Few cases of cardiac tamponade related to anti-programmed cell-death-1 immunotherapy have been reported, 7–10 but none involve pembrolizumab. All cases were treated with pericardiocentesis and corticosteroids. 7 Two cases of recurrent pleural effusion and cardiac tamponade secondary to nivolumab have been published. Pericardial effusion is defined by an increase in the physiological amount of fluid within the pericardial space. It can appear following different medical conditions, mainly related to inflammation and cardiac surgery. Cardiac tamponade is a critical condition that occurs after sudden and/or excessive accumulation of fluid in the pericardial

    Cardiac tamponade, early or late after cardiac surgery, is an uncommon while a potentially lethal condition in which the classic signs of tamponade may be absent. High index of suspicion and rapid diagnosis are mandatory for life-saving decompressive therapy. We herein reported a case of delayed localized right atrial tamponade caused by loculated intrapericardial hematoma 26 days after aortic CASE REPORTS Cardiac Tamponade: New Technology Masking an Old Nemesis Andrew R. Yates, MD, Victoria L. Duffy, BS, RRT, Tamara D. Clark, DNP, Don Hayes, Jr, MD,

    Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency and is treated with oxygen, volume expansion (IV fluids) to increase cardiac output, inotropic drugs (eg, dobutamine) to increase cardiac output, and elevating the legs to improve venous return. Pericardiocentesis should be performed as soon as the patient is stable. CASE REPORTS Cardiac Tamponade: New Technology Masking an Old Nemesis Andrew R. Yates, MD, Victoria L. Duffy, BS, RRT, Tamara D. Clark, DNP, Don Hayes, Jr, MD,

    Cardiac Tamponade. Cardiac tamponade is defined as compression of the heart by a restrictive pericardium or accumulation of pericardial contents, resulting in impairment of ventricular filling (diastolic dysfunction), and subsequent decrease in stroke volume and cardiac output. Cardiac tamponade is caused by fluid trapped in the pericardial space, compressing the heart, compromising ventricular filling, and therefore cardiac output. 1 Acute traumatic cardiac tamponade presents with chest pain and respiratory distress. 2 Beck’s triad may be present on exam, as it was in our case: muffled heart sounds, distended jugular veins, and hypotension. 1 A narrow pulse

    Conclusions. Cardiac tamponade is a sort of cardiogenic shock and is a medical emergency. Clinicians should understand the cardiac tamponade physiology, especially in cases without large pericardial effusion, and correlate the signs of clinical tamponade together with the echocardiographic findings. Briefly review pericardial structure and function Describe hemodynamic pathophysiology Discuss physical examination data Outline a method to approach echocardiographic evaluation of effusion Decide between options for therapy in tamponade . Cardiac Tamponade Hemodynamics Intrapericardial pressures Atrial pressure Impedance of venous return Systemic venous congestion Reduced cardiac …

    Cardiac catheterisation allows direct measurement of the haemodynamic effects of tamponade; however, it is infrequently performed in patients with pure tamponade. It is useful in differentiating tamponade from constrictive pericarditis or restrictive cardiomyopathy. CCRN Cardiac Tamponade Review. In our review for the CCRN Exam, we will take a detailed look at an overview of Cardiac Tamponade. In this article, we will cover the pathophysiology, some signs and symptoms, and treatment modalities of cardiac tamponade.

    resulting in cardiac arrest caused by tension pneumothorax or cardiac tamponade have potentially reversible pathology. Bilateral thorocostomies reliably rule out tension pneumo- Pericardial disease leading to pericardial effusion (PEF) is a common condition encountered by the clinician in day-to-day practice. If the PEF becomes large enough, it can cause hemodynamic compromise, resulting in a cardiogenic shock state known as cardiac tamponade.

    Cardiac Tamponade. Cardiac tamponade is defined as compression of the heart by a restrictive pericardium or accumulation of pericardial contents, resulting in impairment of ventricular filling (diastolic dysfunction), and subsequent decrease in stroke volume and cardiac output. REVIEW ARTICLE Management of Cardiac Tamponade After Cardiac Surgery Paula Carmona, MD, Eva Mateo, MD, Irene Casanovas, MD, Juan J. Peña, MD, Jose Llagunes, MD

    Few cases of cardiac tamponade related to anti-programmed cell-death-1 immunotherapy have been reported, 7–10 but none involve pembrolizumab. All cases were treated with pericardiocentesis and corticosteroids. 7 Two cases of recurrent pleural effusion and cardiac tamponade secondary to nivolumab have been published. Cardiology Research and Practice is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies that focus on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The journal welcomes submissions related to systemic hypertension, arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, vascular disease, congenital heart …

    article, together with an explanation. 1. Which of these features aid in the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade? a. Pulsus paradoxus b. Enlarged heart on chest radiograph c. Akinesis of left ventricular wall on echocardiography d. Low amplitude ECG voltage e. Quiet heart sounds 2. The following are true regarding pericardial fluid: a. Its presence always confirms the diagnosis of tamponade b. The Pericardial disease leading to pericardial effusion (PEF) is a common condition encountered by the clinician in day-to-day practice. If the PEF becomes large enough, it can cause hemodynamic compromise, resulting in a cardiogenic shock state known as cardiac tamponade.

    Pericardial Effusion And Cardiac Tamponade — Symptoms and ECG

    cardiac tamponade review article pdf

    Imaging Findings in Cardiac Tamponade with Emphasis on CT. Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis Churg−Strauss syndrome Cardiac tamponade Pericarditis Case report A 75-year-old woman with general fatigue, dyspnea on exertion and low-grade fever was admitted to a hospital., This review focuses on the early clinical examination, which raises the possibility of cardiac tamponade, and then the hemodynamic and echocardiographic diagnostic features, based on an understanding of the underlying pathophysiological characteristics. The list of conditions that may lead to cardiac tamponade is long (Table 1) and is touched on only peripherally. Clinical Findings of Cardiac.

    Cardiac tamponade Meltser - 2005 - Catheterization and

    Cardiac tamponade masquerading as gastritis a case report. In this article, we briefly review the anatomy, pathophysiology, and clinical manifestations of cardiac tamponade, with a particular focus on the CT findings of this life-threatening condition. Anatomy The pericardium is a double-walled sac consisting of an external fibrosa layer and beneath it a serosa layer. The serosa is a complete closed sac that reflects on itself and covers the heart, article, together with an explanation. 1. Which of these features aid in the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade? a. Pulsus paradoxus b. Enlarged heart on chest radiograph c. Akinesis of left ventricular wall on echocardiography d. Low amplitude ECG voltage e. Quiet heart sounds 2. The following are true regarding pericardial fluid: a. Its presence always confirms the diagnosis of tamponade b. The.

    Abstract. Cardiac tamponade is a cardiological emergency requiring prompt treatment in order to avoid a fatal outcome. It can complicate a number of medical conditions and it is important, therefore, that all practitioners are aware of its presentation, diagnosis and management. Aetiology and Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade D. COLLINS Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, IREIAND Objective: To review current concepts in the aetiology and management of patients with cardiac tamponade. Data sources: A review of articles reported on acute cardiac tamponade. Summary of review: Cardiac tamponade is defined as a

    cardiac tamponade specifically focuses on the movement of the right atrium and ventricle during diastolic filling. Ultrasound findings in tamponade represent a spectrum review article The new england journal of medicine n engl j med 349;7 www.nejm.org august 14, 2003 684 current concepts Acute Cardiac Tamponade David H. Spodick, M.D., D.Sc.

    In this article, we briefly review the anatomy, pathophysiology, and clinical manifestations of cardiac tamponade, with a particular focus on the CT findings of this life-threatening condition. Anatomy The pericardium is a double-walled sac consisting of an external fibrosa layer and beneath it a serosa layer. The serosa is a complete closed sac that reflects on itself and covers the heart CCRN Cardiac Tamponade Review. In our review for the CCRN Exam, we will take a detailed look at an overview of Cardiac Tamponade. In this article, we will cover the pathophysiology, some signs and symptoms, and treatment modalities of cardiac tamponade.

    Conclusions. Cardiac tamponade is a sort of cardiogenic shock and is a medical emergency. Clinicians should understand the cardiac tamponade physiology, especially in cases without large pericardial effusion, and correlate the signs of clinical tamponade together with the echocardiographic findings. Abstract. Cardiac tamponade is a common cardiac emergency requiring prompt diagnosis and intervention. A thorough understanding of the spectrum of clinical and hemodynamic changes in patients with pericardial effusion is vital for interventional cardiologists.

    cardiac tamponade specifically focuses on the movement of the right atrium and ventricle during diastolic filling. Ultrasound findings in tamponade represent a spectrum fact, the hallmark of cardiac tamponade, hemodynamic instability, is a late finding. Using a systematic literature review, this article attempts to provide the best evidence for making the bedside diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. However, this systematic review is limited by low-quality evidence, including case series and small- to medium-sized chart reviews. In addition, patients in this

    Cardiac tamponade, early or late after cardiac surgery, is an uncommon while a potentially lethal condition in which the classic signs of tamponade may be absent. High index of suspicion and rapid diagnosis are mandatory for life-saving decompressive therapy. We herein reported a case of delayed localized right atrial tamponade caused by loculated intrapericardial hematoma 26 days after aortic Briefly review pericardial structure and function Describe hemodynamic pathophysiology Discuss physical examination data Outline a method to approach echocardiographic evaluation of effusion Decide between options for therapy in tamponade . Cardiac Tamponade Hemodynamics Intrapericardial pressures Atrial pressure Impedance of venous return Systemic venous congestion Reduced cardiac …

    Aetiology and Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade D. COLLINS Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, IREIAND Objective: To review current concepts in the aetiology and management of patients with cardiac tamponade. Data sources: A review of articles reported on acute cardiac tamponade. Summary of review: Cardiac tamponade is defined as a Cardiac tamponade is caused by fluid trapped in the pericardial space, compressing the heart, compromising ventricular filling, and therefore cardiac output. 1 Acute traumatic cardiac tamponade presents with chest pain and respiratory distress. 2 Beck’s triad may be present on exam, as it was in our case: muffled heart sounds, distended jugular veins, and hypotension. 1 A narrow pulse

    CCRN Cardiac Tamponade Review. In our review for the CCRN Exam, we will take a detailed look at an overview of Cardiac Tamponade. In this article, we will cover the pathophysiology, some signs and symptoms, and treatment modalities of cardiac tamponade. the fluid volume and intrapericardial pressure increase,cardiac tamponade can develop.The most common causes of pericardial effusion include cardiac hemangiosarcoma,idiopathic pericardial effusion,and chemodectoma.Understanding the underlying cause is important in providing treatment recommendations and an accurate prognosis. CE Article #1 An In-Depth Look: CANINE …

    Pathophysiology of Cardiac Tamponade* Da vid . Sp d ic , MD DS c, FCCP (CHEST 1998; 113:1372-78) Key words: cardi compress ion eri rdium ampe ph c ys iol ogy ardiac tamponad e is always lif thr eat ning and e arly alw ay quirs urge nt and pr cis e th r­ ap e uti c intrve ntion. It erhaps uniqu e in th t a ppr e ciation of its pathophysiologi e is ss ntial to pr ecis e diagnosis and ational tr Cardiac tamponade is caused by the buildup of pericardial fluid (exudate, transudate or blood) that can accumulate for several reasons. The diagnosis of cardiac tamponade is a clinical

    Equalization of Intracardiac Pressures in Cardiac Tamponade. REVIEW ARTICLE Management of Cardiac Tamponade After Cardiac Surgery Paula Carmona, MD, Eva Mateo, MD, Irene Casanovas, MD, Juan J. Peña, MD, Jose Llagunes, MD, resulting in cardiac arrest caused by tension pneumothorax or cardiac tamponade have potentially reversible pathology. Bilateral thorocostomies reliably rule out tension pneumo-.

    Management of Cardiac Tamponade A Comperative Study

    cardiac tamponade review article pdf

    Pericardial Effusion with Tamponade an Immune-Related. Pericardial effusion is defined by an increase in the physiological amount of fluid within the pericardial space. It can appear following different medical conditions, mainly related to inflammation and cardiac surgery. Cardiac tamponade is a critical condition that occurs after sudden and/or excessive accumulation of fluid in the pericardial, Cardiac tamponade is a common cardiac emergency requiring prompt diagnosis and intervention. A thorough understanding of the spectrum of clinical and hemodynamic changes in patients with pericardial effusion is vital for interventional cardiologists. This review discusses pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade with emphasis on hemodynamic aberrations. Specific clinical situations that lead to.

    030814 Acute Cardiac Tamponade Stanford University

    cardiac tamponade review article pdf

    Case report and review of cardiac tamponade in mixed. Development of pericardial effusion is a common complication of acute pericarditis with uncommon but serious consequences when it results in cardiac tamponade. Cardiac tamponade is a clinical diagnosis based on Beck’s triad and the finding of pulsus paradoxus on sphygmomanometery. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamponade Case Report Case report and literature review: cardiac tamponade as a complication of pericardial extramedullary hematopoiesis☆,☆☆ Navin R. Mahadevan, Elizabeth A. Morgan, Richard N. Mitchell⁎.

    cardiac tamponade review article pdf


    the fluid volume and intrapericardial pressure increase,cardiac tamponade can develop.The most common causes of pericardial effusion include cardiac hemangiosarcoma,idiopathic pericardial effusion,and chemodectoma.Understanding the underlying cause is important in providing treatment recommendations and an accurate prognosis. CE Article #1 An In-Depth Look: CANINE … Cardiac tamponade is a condition characterized by an increased intrapericardial pressure resulting in impaired cardiac filling. An important hemodynamic feature is the equalization of intrapericardial and mean diastolic pressures in cardiac chambers.

    cardiology contents • cardiac arrest • acute coronary syndromes • acute myocardial infarction • pulmonary oedema • cardiogenic shock • arrhythmias pneumopericardium are available for review. Inter- estingly, cardiac tamponade developed in 94 patients, or 37% of this group, because of air within the pericardial space. Pneumopericardium resulting in tamponade most

    DIAGNOSIS OF CARDIAC TAMPONADE Roberts: Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine, 4th ed. Patient Profile and Symptoms Pericardial effusion is rarely diagnosed based on physical findings. Pericardial disease leading to pericardial effusion (PEF) is a common condition encountered by the clinician in day-to-day practice. If the PEF becomes large enough, it can cause hemodynamic compromise, resulting in a cardiogenic shock state known as cardiac tamponade.

    Pathophysiology of Cardiac Tamponade* Da vid . Sp d ic , MD DS c, FCCP (CHEST 1998; 113:1372-78) Key words: cardi compress ion eri rdium ampe ph c ys iol ogy ardiac tamponad e is always lif thr eat ning and e arly alw ay quirs urge nt and pr cis e th r­ ap e uti c intrve ntion. It erhaps uniqu e in th t a ppr e ciation of its pathophysiologi e is ss ntial to pr ecis e diagnosis and ational tr Cardiac tamponade may have various presenting symptoms ranging from mild dyspnea and atypical chest pain to cardiogenic shock. A pulsus paradoxus of >10 mmHg is often seen in severe tamponade. A pulsus paradoxus of >10 mmHg is often seen in severe tamponade.

    Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is rare and occurs more commonly in immunocompromised patients. It can present in various ways, and diagnosis is particularly challenging, especially for … for review by a cardiologist. Complications Complications of acute pericarditis include pericardial effusion (present in 60% of cases2), tamponade (5% of cases2), myopericarditis and recurrent pericarditis. Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. Cardiac tamponade occurs when this fluid accumulates under pressure and obstructs diastolic filling of

    the fluid volume and intrapericardial pressure increase,cardiac tamponade can develop.The most common causes of pericardial effusion include cardiac hemangiosarcoma,idiopathic pericardial effusion,and chemodectoma.Understanding the underlying cause is important in providing treatment recommendations and an accurate prognosis. CE Article #1 An In-Depth Look: CANINE … article, together with an explanation. 1. Which of these features aid in the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade? a. Pulsus paradoxus b. Enlarged heart on chest radiograph c. Akinesis of left ventricular wall on echocardiography d. Low amplitude ECG voltage e. Quiet heart sounds 2. The following are true regarding pericardial fluid: a. Its presence always confirms the diagnosis of tamponade b. The

    Cardiac tamponade may have various presenting symptoms ranging from mild dyspnea and atypical chest pain to cardiogenic shock. A pulsus paradoxus of >10 mmHg is often seen in severe tamponade. A pulsus paradoxus of >10 mmHg is often seen in severe tamponade. Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis Churg−Strauss syndrome Cardiac tamponade Pericarditis Case report A 75-year-old woman with general fatigue, dyspnea on exertion and low-grade fever was admitted to a hospital.

    Pathophysiology of Cardiac Tamponade* Da vid . Sp d ic , MD DS c, FCCP (CHEST 1998; 113:1372-78) Key words: cardi compress ion eri rdium ampe ph c ys iol ogy ardiac tamponad e is always lif thr eat ning and e arly alw ay quirs urge nt and pr cis e th r­ ap e uti c intrve ntion. It erhaps uniqu e in th t a ppr e ciation of its pathophysiologi e is ss ntial to pr ecis e diagnosis and ational tr In this article, we briefly review the anatomy, pathophysiology, and clinical manifestations of cardiac tamponade, with a particular focus on the CT findings of this life-threatening condition. Anatomy The pericardium is a double-walled sac consisting of an external fibrosa layer and beneath it a serosa layer. The serosa is a complete closed sac that reflects on itself and covers the heart

    Acute cardiac tamponade is life threatening and requires prompt pericardial drainage. This review explains the manifestations of tamponade, including a presentation in which the diagnostic finding Prompt recognition of cardiac tamponade is critical since the underlying hemodynamic disorder can lead to death if not resolved by percutaneous or surgical drainage of the pericardium. Nevertheless, the management of cardiac tamponade can be challenging because of the lack of the validated criteria

    Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition that can be palliated or cured, depending on its cause and on the timeliness of treatment. Making a timely diagnosis and providing the appropriate treatment can be gratifying for both patient and physician. Pericardial disease leading to pericardial effusion (PEF) is a common condition encountered by the clinician in day-to-day practice. If the PEF becomes large enough, it can cause hemodynamic compromise, resulting in a cardiogenic shock state known as cardiac tamponade.